We are pleased to launch the Bioversity International 2014 Annual Report, available as an interactive digital publication and as a downloadable PDF. In the report, you will find highlights of our work in 2014 showing how research on agricultural and forest biodiversity can help achieve a sustainable future.
Though no longer published, the Plant Genetic Resources Newsletter was one of Bioversity International’s flagship publications. It has a long history, starting as the Plant Introduction Newsletter in 1957 to the established publication we know today.
For many scientists in developing countries, the Newsletter served as one of the first journals where they could publish peer-reviewed papers. For other scientists, it was one of the few peer-reviewed publications that specifically focused on plant genetic resource research.
It was the key publication that all Bioversity International scientists carried in their bags to conferences, meetings and workshops, and still is well received by researchers working in the plant genetic resources field.
For these reasons and many more, the Bioversity International Library felt it was important to make the full set of the Newsletter from its inception in 1957 to the last issue, no. 156 in 2008, available to all. We began the project in late 2014 and we are extremely proud to have been an integral part in making the Plant Genetic Resources Newsletter available to the plant genetic resource research community.
Browse the 156 issues of the Plant Genetic Resources Newsletter
We acknowledge the kind permission of FAO for allowing us to reproduce the Plant Introduction Newsletter (no. 1-24) and the Plant Genetic Resources Newsletter (no. 25-32) of which they hold the copyright.
“This beautiful book highlights the critical role of the people of the Pamirs as custodians of their food, seeds and traditions. In a supremely challenging landscape, they guard the origins and diversity of many of the foods that are now found on fields and dinner tables around the world. We are introduced to an inspiring but fragile example of the interdependence between people and their environment, and the beauty and dignity that can arise from it,” says Carl Folke, Director of the Stockholm Resilience Centre.
The book is written in three languages in parallel – English as well as Dari and Tajik, the forms of Persian spoken in Afghanistan and Tajikistan respectively. 1800 copies of the book will return to the Pamirs, to be distributed to every village, school and common kitchen.
The book is officially released in June 2015, but can be pre-ordered here.
This month has seen a flurry of activity focusing on human nutrition. IFPRI has recently released the 2014 Global Nutrition Report, and two major conferences are scheduled.
IFPRI’s 2014 Global Nutrition Report provides a comprehensive narrative and analysis on the state of the world’s nutrition.
The Global Nutrition Report will convene existing processes, highlight progress in combating malnutrition and identify gaps and propose ways to fill them. Through this, the Report will help to guide action, build accountability and spark increased commitment for further progress towards reducing malnutrition much faster. This inaugural Global Nutrition Report is to be launched officially on November 20th, 2014 at the The Second International Conference on Nutrition (ICN2) in Rome – which will be held this week, from the 19-21st November at the FAO Headquarters.
The programme includes three plenaries, parallel group discussion sessions and a market-place for countries to showcase their achievements. The agenda and further details of the SUNGG are now available online here.
Next week in Accra, Ghana, The 3rd International Conference on: Neglected and Underutilized Species (NUS): for a Food-Secure Africa will be held from the 25-27 September.
The programme will be of great interest to researchers working in this field, and consists of three main themes with related sub-themes:
Theme 1: Resilience of agricultural and livelihood systems.
a) Diversification for food security in Sub-Saharan Africa.
b) NUS for nutrition and health.
Theme 2: Upgrading value chains of neglected and underutilized species.
Theme 3: Creating an enabling policy environment.
a) Policy frameworks.
b) Capacity development and institutions.
c) Partnership, projects, platforms.
A newly published strategic analysis of NUS entitled “Fighting Poverty, Hunger and Malnutrition with Neglected and Underutilized Species – Needs, Challenges and the Way Forward” will be launched at the conference; and participants will have the chance to view the travelling exhibition on quinoa, one of the crops considered part of the NUS family.
Learn more from the main conference website.
We are pleased to launch the Bioversity International 2012 Annual Report, available as an interactive digital publication and as a downloadable PDF. In the report, you will find highlights of our work in 2012 showing how research on agricultural and forest biodiversity can help achieve a sustainable future. Continue reading
PNAS OA article: Comparative transcriptomics reveals patterns of selection in domesticated and wild tomato
Comparative transcriptomics reveals patterns of selection in domesticated and wild tomato OPEN ACCESS ARTICLE
One of the most important technological advances by humans is the domestication of plant species for the production of food. We have used high-throughput sequencing to identify changes in DNA sequence and gene expression that differentiate cultivated tomato and its wild relatives. We also identify hundreds of candidate genes that have evolved new protein sequences or have changed expression levels in response to natural selection in wild tomato relatives. Taken together, our analyses provide a snapshot of genome evolution under artificial and natural conditions
Although applied over extremely short timescales, artificial selection has dramatically altered the form, physiology, and life history of cultivated plants. We have used RNAseq to define both gene sequence and expression divergence between cultivated tomato and five related wild species. Based on sequence differences, we detect footprints of positive selection in over 50 genes. We also document thousands of shifts in gene-expression level, many of which resulted from changes in selection pressure. These rapidly evolving genes are commonly associated with environmental response and stress tolerance. The importance of environmental inputs during evolution of gene expression is further highlighted by large-scale alteration of the light response coexpression network between wild and cultivated accessions. Human manipulation of the genome has heavily impacted the tomato transcriptome through directed admixture and by indirectly favoring nonsynonymous over synonymous substitutions. Taken together, our results shed light on the pervasive effects artificial and natural selection have had on the transcriptomes of tomato and its wild relatives.