On biodiversity conservation and poverty traps
Christopher B. Barretta,b,1, Alexander J. Travisb,c, and Partha Dasguptad
aCharles H. Dyson School of Applied Economics and Management, bDavid R. Atkinson Center for a Sustainable Future, and cBaker Institute for Animal Health, Cornell Center for Wildlife Conservation, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853; and dFaculty of Economics, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom
PNAS | August 23, 2011 | vol. 108 | no. 34 | 13907–13912
This paper introduces a special feature on biodiversity conservation and poverty traps. We define and explain the core concepts and then identify four distinct classes of mechanisms that define important interlinkages between biodiversity and poverty. The multiplicity of candidate mechanisms underscores a major challenge in designing policy appropriate across settings. This framework is then used to introduce the ensuing set of papers, which empirically explore these various mechanisms linking poverty traps and biodiversity conservation.